Nursery schools and preschool education started in the 20th century for a number of reasons. There was a new scientific interest at this time in early childhood and a focus on children of this age. This was caused by the blossoming of research in psychology, medicine, psychiatry and education. There was more recognition at this time that children needed guidance and that they needed it at an early stage. More women were also going into the work force, creating a need for childcare at this stage.
Today, you can find a nursery school in any community and most parents send their children around the age of three. While there are certainly programs available for younger children, three is the age when most people agree that real socialization and learning start to take place – and this has become the collectively understood time to send children on to school.
Some children send for a half day, while others send for a whole day. Some send every day and others select the every-other-day model. Whatever decision a family makes, it has to be one that will make the parents comfortable and the child happy.